易玩棋牌

24种常用钢术语解析,应该全了

来源:新乡市天马工业炉有限公司 发布时间:2019-09-09 09:45 浏览次数:次

1、碳钢

碳钢也叫碳素钢,是含碳量ωc小于2%的铁碳合金。碳钢除含碳外一般还含有少量的硅、锰、硫、磷。

 

按用途可以把碳钢分为碳素结构钢、碳素工具钢和易切削结构钢三类。碳素结构钢又可分为建筑结构钢和机器制造结构钢两种。按含碳量可以把碳钢分为低碳钢(ωc≤0.25%),中碳钢(ωc=0.25%-0.6%)和高碳钢(ωc>0.6%)

 

易玩棋牌 ANLIN、LIUHELIANGKEYIBATANSUGANGFENWEIPUTONGTANSUGANG(HANLIN、LIUJIAOGAO)、***TANSUGANG(HANLIN、LIUJIAODI)HE******GANG(HANLIN、LIUGENGDI)YIBANTANGANGZHONGHANTANLIANGYUEGAOZEYINGDUYUEGAO,QIANGDUYE***GAO,DANSUXINGJIANGDI。

 

2、碳素结构钢

易玩棋牌 ZHEILEIGANGZHUYAOBAOZHENGLIXUEXINGNENG。GUQIPAIHAOTIXIANQILIXUEXINGNENG,YONGQ+SHUZIBIAOSHIQIZHONG“Q”WEIQUFUDIAN“QU”ZIDEHANYUPINYINZISHOU。SHUZIBIAOSHIQUFUDIANSHUZHI,LIRUQ275BIAOSHIQUFUDIANWEI275Mpa,RUOPAIHAOHOUMIANBIAOZHUZIMUA、B、C、D,ZEBIAOSHIGANGCAIZHILIANGDENGJIBUTONG,HANS、PDELIANGYICIJIANGDI,GANGCAIZHILIANGYICITIGAO。RUOZAIPAIHAOHOUMIANBIAOZHUZIMU“F”ZEWEIFEITENGGANG,BIAOZHU“b”WEIBANZHENJINGGANG,BUBIAOZHU“F”HUO“b”ZHEWEIZHENJINGGANG。LIRUQ235—AFBIAOSHIQUFUDIANWEI235MPaDEAJIFEITENGGANG,Q235—CBIAOSHIQUFUDIANWEI235MPaDECJIZHENJINGGANG。

 

TANSUJIEGOUGANGYIBANQINGKUANGXIADOUBUJINGRECHULI,ERZAIGONGYINGZHUANGTAIXIAZHIJIESHIYONG。TONGCHANGQ195、Q215、Q235GANGTANDEZHILIANGFENSHUDI,HANJIEXINGNENGHAO,SUXING、RENXINGHAO,YOU***QIANGDU,CHANGYAZHICHENGBOBAN、GANGJIN、HANJIEGANGGUANDENG。YONGYUQIAOLIANG、JIANZHUDENGJIEGOUHEZHIZAOPUTONGMAODING、LUODING、LUOMUDENGLINGJIAN。Q255HEQ275GANGTANDEZHILIANGFENSHUSHAOGAO,QIANGDUJIAOGAO,SUXING、RENXINGJIAOHAO,KEJINXINGHANJIE,TONGCHANGYAZHICHENGXINGGANG、TIAOGANGHEGANGBANZUOJIEGOUJIANYIJIZHIZAOJIANDANJIXIEDELIANGAN、CHILUN、LIANZHOUJIE、XIAODENGLINGJIAN。

 

3、***结构钢

这类钢必须同时保证化学成分和力学性能。其牌号是采用两位数字表示钢中平均碳的质量分数的万分数(ωс*10000)。例如45钢表示钢中平均碳的质量分数为0.45%;08钢表示钢中平均碳的质量分数为0.08%。

 

***TANSUJIEGOUGANGZHUYAOYONGYUZHIZAOJIQILINGJIAN。YIBANDOUYAOJINGGUORECHULIYITIGAOLIXUEXINGNENG。GENJUTANZHILIANGFENSHUBUTONG,YOUBUTONGDEYONGTU。08、08F、10、10FGANG,SUXING、RENXINGGAO,JUYOUYOULIANGDELENGCHENGXINGXINGNENGHEHANJIEXINGNENG,CHANGLENGYACHENGBOBAN,YONGYUZHIZUOYIBIAOWAIQIAO、QICHEHETUOLAJISHANGDELENGCHONGYAJIAN,RUQICHESHEN、TUOLAJIJIASHISHIDENG;15、20、25GANGYONGYUZHIZUOCHICUNJIAOXIAO、FUHEJIAOQING、BIAOMIANYAOQIUNAIMO、XINBUQIANGDUYAOQIUBUGAODESHENTANLINGJIAN,RUHUOSAIXIAO,YANGBANDENG;30、35、40、45、50GANGJINGRECHULI(CUIHUO+GAOWENHUIHUO)HOUJUYOULIANGHAODEZONGHELIXUEXINGNENG,JIJUYOUJIAOGAODEQIANGDUHEJIAOGAODESUXING、RENXING,YONGYUZHIZUOZHOULEILINGJIAN,LIRU40、45GANGCHANGYONGYUZHIZAOQICHE、TUOLAJIDEQUZHOU、LIANGAN、YIBANJICHUANGZHUZHOU、JICHUANGCHILUNHEQITASHOULIBUDADEZHOULEILINGJIAN;55、60、65GANGRECHULI(CUIHUO+ZHONGWENHUIHUO)HOUJUYOUGAODEDANXINGJIXIAN,CHANGYONGYUZHIZUOFUHEBUDA、CHICUNJIAOXIAO(JIEMIANCHICUNXIAOYU12~15mm)DEDANHUANG,RUDIAOYAHEDIAOSUDANHUANG、ZHUSAIDANHUANG、LENGJUANDANHUANGDENG。

 

4、碳素工具钢

TANSUGONGJUGANGSHIJIBENSHANGBUHANHEJINYUANSUDEGAOTANGANG,HANTANLIANGZAI0.65%-1.35%FANWEINEI,QISHENGCHANCHENGBENDI,YUANLIAOLAIYUANYIQUDE,QIEXUEJIAGONGXINGLIANGHAO,RECHULIHOUKEYIDEDAOGAOYINGDUHEGAONAIMOXING,SUOYISHIBEIGUANGFANCAIYONGDEGANGZHONG,YONGLAIZHIZAOGEZHONGRENJU、MOJU、LIANGJU。DANZHEILEIGANGDEHONGYINGXINGCHA,JIDANGGONGZUOWENDUDAYU250℃SHI,GANGDEYINGDUHENAIMOXING***HUIJIJUXIAJIANGERSHIQUGONGZUONENGLI。LINGWAI,TANSUGONGJUGANGRUZHICHENGJIAODADELINGJIANZEBUYICUIYING,ERQIERONGYICHANSHENGBIANXINGHELIEWEN。

 

5、易切削结构钢

YIQIEXUEJIEGOUGANGSHIZAIGANGZHONGJIARUYIXIESHIGANGBIANCUIDEYUANSU,SHIGANGQIEXUESHIQIEXUEYICUIDUANCHENGSUIXIE,CONGERYOULIYUTIGAOQIEXUESUDUHEYANZHANGDAOJUSHOUMING。SHIGANGBIANCUIDEYUANSUZHUYAOSHILIU,ZAIPUTONGDIHEJINYIQIEXUEJIEGOUGANGZHONGSHIYONGLEQIAN、DI、BIDENGYUANSU。

 

易玩棋牌 ZHEIZHONGGANGDEHANLIULIANGZAI0.08%-0.30%FANWEINEI,HANMENGLIANGZAI0.60%-1.55%FANWEINEI。GANGZHONGDELIUHEMENGYILIUHUAMENGXINGTAICUNZAI,LIUHUAMENGHENCUIBINGYOURUNHUAXIAONENG,CONGERSHIQIEXIERONGYISUIDUAN,BINGYOULIYUTIGAOJIAGONGBIAOMIANDEZHILIANG。

 

6、合金钢

ZAIGANGZHONGCHUHANYOUTIE、TANHESHAOLIANGBUKEBIMIANDEGUI、MENG、LIN、LIUYUANSUYIWAI,HAIHANYOU***LIANGDEHEJINYUANSU,GANGZHONGDEHEJINYUANSUYOUGUI、MENG、MU、NIE、GE、FAN、TAI、NI、PENG、QIAN、XITUDENGQIZHONGHEYIZHONGHUOJIZHONG,ZHEIZHONGGANGJIAOHEJINGANG。GEGUODEHEJINGANGXITONGSUIGEZIDEZIYUANQINGKUANG、SHENGCHANHESHIYONGTIAOJIANBUTONGERBUTONG,GUOWAIYIWANGCENGFAZHANNIE、GEGANGXITONG,WOGUOZEFAZHANYIGUI、MENG、FAN、TAI、NI、PENG、XITUWEIZHUDEHEJINGANGXITONG。

 

HEJINGANGZAIGANGDEZONGCHANLIANGZHONGYUEZHANBAIFENZHISHIJI,YIBANSHIZAIDIANLUZHONGYELIANDEANYONGTUKEYIBAHEJINGANGFENWEI8DALEI,TAMENSHI:HEJINJIEGOUGANG、DANHUANGGANG、ZHOUCHENGGANG、HEJINGONGJUGANG、GAOSUGONGJUGANG、BUXIUGANG、NAIREBUQIPIGANG,DIANGONGYONGGUIGANG。

 

7、普通低合金钢

PUTONGDIHEJINGANGSHIYIZHONGHANYOUSHAOLIANGHEJINYUANSU(DUOSHUQINGKUANGXIAQIZONGLIANGBUCHAOGUO3%)DEPUTONGHEJINGANG。ZHEIZHONGGANGDEQIANGDUBIJIAOGAO,ZONGHEXINGNENGBIJIAOHAO,BINGJUYOUNAIFUSHIXING、NAIMO、NAIDIWENYIJIJIAOHAODEQIEXUEXINGNENG、HANJIEXINGNENGDENGZAIDALIANGJIEYUEXIQUEHEJINYUANSU(RUNIE、GE)TIAOJIANXIA,TONGCHANG1tPUTONGDIHEJINGANGKEDING1.2-1.3tTANSUGANGSHIYONG,QISHIYONGSHOUMINGHESHIYONGFANWEIGENGSHIYUANYUANCHAOGUOTANSUGANG。PUTONGDIHEJINGANGKEYIYONGYIBANYELIANFANGFAZAIPINGLU、ZHUANLUZHONGYELIAN,CHENGBENYEHETANSUGANGJIEJIN。

 

8、工程结构用合金钢

易玩棋牌 ZHEISHIZHIGONGCHENGHEJIANZHUJIEGOUYONGDEHEJINGANG,BAOKUOKEHANJIEDEGAOQIANGDUHEJINJIEGOUGANG、HEJINGANGJINGANG、TIEDAOYONGHEJINGANG、DIZHISHIYOUZUANTANYONGHEJINGANG、YALIRONGQIYONGHEJINGANG、GAOMENGNAIMOGANGDENG。ZHEILEIGANGYONGZUOGONGCHENGHEJIANZHUJIEGOUJIAN,ZAIHEJINGANGZHONG,ZHEILEIGANGHEJINHANLIANGZONGLIANGJIAODI,DANSHENGCHAN、SHIYONGLIANGJIAODA。

 

9、机械结构用合金钢

易玩棋牌 ZHEILEIGANGSHIZHISHIYONGYUZHIZAOJIQIHEJIXIELINGJIANDEHEJINGANG。TASHIZAI***TANSUGANGDEJICHUSHANG,SHIDANGDIJIARUYIZHONGHUOSHUZHONGHEJINYUANSU,YONGLAITIGAOGANGDEQIANGDU、RENXINGHECUITOUXING。ZHEILEIGANGTONGCHANGYAOJINGGUORECHULI(RUDIAOZHICHULI、BIAOMIANYINGHUACHULI)HOUSHIYONG。ZHUYAOBAOKUOCHANGYONGDEHEJINJIEGOUGANGHEHEJINDANHUANGGANGLIANGDALEI,QIZHONGBAOKUODIAOZHICHULIDEHEJINGANG、BIAOMIANYINGHUACHULIDEHEJINGANG(SHENTANGANG、DANHUAGANG、BIAOMIANGAOPINCUIHUOGANGDENG)、LENGSUXINGCHENGXINGYONGHEJINGANG(LENGDINGDUANYONGGANG、LENGJIYAYONGGANGDENG)。ANHUAXUECHENGFENJIBENZUCHENGXILIEKEFENWEIMnXIGANG、SiMnXIGANG、CrXIGANG、CrMoXIGANG、CrNiMoXIGANG、NiXIGANG、BXIGANGDENG

 

10、合金结构钢

合金结构钢的含碳量比碳素结构钢低一些,一般在0.15%-0.50%的范围内。除合碳外,还含有一种或几种合金元素,如硅、锰、钒、钛、硼及镍、铬、钼等。合金结构钢易于淬硬和不易变形或开裂,便于热处理改善钢的性能。

 

HEJINJIEGOUGANGGUANGFANYONGYUSHIZHIZAOQICHE、TUOLAJI、CHUANBO、QILUNJI、ZHONGXINGJICHUANGDEGEZHONGCHUANDONGJIANHEJINGUJIAN。DITANHEJINGANGYIBANJINXINGSHENTANCHULI,ZHONGTANHEJINGANGYIBANJINXINGDIAOZHICHULI。

 

11、合金工具钢

合金工具钢是含有多种合金元素,如硅、铬、钨、钼、钒等的中、高碳钢。合金工具钢容易淬硬,不易产生变形和裂纹,适于用来制造尺寸大、形状复杂的刃具、模具和量具用途不同,合金工具钢的含碳量也不同。大多数合金工具钢的含碳量ωc为0.5%-1.5%,热变形模具用钢含碳量较低,ωc在0.3%-0.6%范围内;切削刀具用钢一般含碳ωc1%左右;冷加工模具用钢则含碳量较高,如石墨模具钢含碳量ωc达1.5%,高碳高铬型冷加工模具用钢含碳量ωc高达2%以上

 

12、高速工具钢

高速工具钢是高碳高合金工具钢,钢中含碳量ωc为0.7%-1.4%,钢中含有能形成高硬度碳化物的合金元素,如钨、钼、铬、钒。

 

易玩棋牌 GAOSUGONGJUGANGJUYOUGAODEHONGYINGXING,ZAIGAOSUQIEXUEDETIAOJIANXIA,WENDUGAODA500-600℃YINGDUYEBUJIANGDI,CONGERBAOZHENGLIANGHAODEQIEXUEXINGNENG

 

13、弹簧

DANHUANGZAICHONGJI、ZHENDONGHUOZHANGQIJIAOBIANYINGLIXIASHIYONG,SUOYIYAOQIUDANHUANGGANGYOUGAODEKANGLAQIANGDU、DANXINGJIXIAN、GAODEPILAOQIANGDU。ZAIGONGYISHANGYAOQIUDANHUANGGANGYOU***DECUITOUXING、BUYITUOTAN、BIAOMIANZHILIANGHAODENG

 

碳素弹簧钢即含碳量ωc在0.6%-0.9%范围内的***碳素结构钢(包括正常和较高含锰量的)。合金弹簧钢主要是硅锰系钢种,它们的含碳量稍低,主要靠增加硅含量ωsi(1.3%-2.8%)提高性能;另外还有铬、钨、钒的合金弹簧钢。近年来,结合我国资源,并根据汽车、拖拉机设计新技术的要求,研制出在硅锰钢基础上加入硼、铌、钼、等元素的新钢种,延长了弹簧的使用寿命,提高了弹簧钢质量。

 

14、轴承钢

ZHOUCHENGGANGSHIYONGLAIZHIZAOGUNZHU、GUNZHUHEZHOUCHENGTAOQUANDEGANG。ZHOUCHENGZAIGONGZUOSHICHENGSHOUZHEJIDADEYALIHEMOCALI,SUOYIYAOQIUZHOUCHENGGANGYOUGAOERJUNYUNDEYINGDUHENAIMOXING,YIJIGAODEDANXINGJIXIAN.DUIZHOUCHENGGANGDEHUAXUECHENGFENDEJUNYUNXING、FEIJINSHUJIAZAWUDEHANLIANGHEFENBU、TANHUAWUDEFENBUDENGYAOQIUDOUSHIFENYANGE。

 

轴承钢又称高碳铬钢,含碳ωc为1%左右,含量ωcr易玩棋牌为0.5%-1.65%。轴承钢又分为高碳铬轴承钢、无铬轴承钢、渗碳轴承钢、不锈轴承钢、中高温轴承钢及防磁轴承钢六大类。

 

15、电工硅钢

DIANQIGONGYEYONGGUIGANGZHUYAOYONGLAIZHIZAODIANQIGONGYEYONGGUIGANGPIAN。GUIGANGPIANSHIDIANJIHEBIANYAQIZHIZAOZHONGYONGLIANGHENDADEGANGCAI。

 

按化学成分硅钢可以分为低硅钢和高硅钢。低硅钢含硅量ωsi=1.0%-2.5%,主要用来制造电机;高硅钢含硅量ωsi=3.0%-4.5%,一般用来制造变压器。它们的含碳量ωc=0.06%-0.08%。

 

16、钢轨钢

钢轨主要承受机车车辆的压力及冲击载荷,因此。要求有足够的强度和硬度及***的韧性。通常采用的钢轨是平炉和转炉冶炼的碳素镇静钢,这种钢含碳ωc=0.6%-0.8%,属于中碳钢和高碳钢,但钢中含锰量ωMn易玩棋牌较高,在0.6%-1.1%范围内。近年来,己广泛采用普通低合金钢钢轨,如高硅轨、中锰轨、含铜轨、含钛轨等。普通低合金钢轨比碳素钢轨耐磨、耐腐蚀,使用寿命有很大提高。

 

17、造船用钢

ZAOCHUANYONGGANGSHIZHIYONGYUZHIZAOHAICHUANHEDAXINGNEIHECHUANTIJIEGOUDEGANG。YOUYUCHUANTIJIEGOUYIBANCAIYONGHANJIEFANGFAZHIZAO,SUOZAIYAOQIUZAOCHUANGANGYOUJIAOHAODEHANJIEXINGNENG。CIWAI,HAIYAOQIUYOU***DEQIANGDU、RENXINGHE***DENAIDIWENJIFUSHIXINGNENG。GUOQUZHUYAOCAIYONGDITANGANGZUOWEIZAOCHUANYONGGANG。JINLAI,JIDALIANGCAIYONGPUTONGDIHEJINGANG,JIYOUDEGANGZHONGRU12MENGCHUAN、16MENGCHUAN、15MENGFANCHUANDENGGANGZHONG。ZHEIXIEGANGZHONGYOUQIANGDUGAO、RENXINGHAO、RONGYIJIAGONGHEHANJIE、NAIHAISHUIFUSHIDENGZONGHETEXING,KECHENGGONGDIYONGLAIZHIZAOWANDUNYUANYANGJULUN。

 

18、桥梁钢

易玩棋牌 TIELUHUOGONGLUQIAOLIANGCHENGSHOUCHELIANGDECHONGJIZAIHE,QIAOLIANGGANGYAOQIUYOU***DEQIANGDU、RENXINGHELIANGHAODEKANGPILAOXINGNENG,BINGQIEDUIGANGCAIDEBIAOMIANZHILIANGYAOQIUJIAOGAO。QIAOLIANGGANGCHANGCAIYONGJIANXINGPINGLUZHENJINGGANG。JINLAICHENGGONGDICAIYONGLEPUTONGDIHEJINGANGRU16MENG、15MENGFANDANDENG。

 

19、锅炉钢

锅炉钢主要指用来制造过热器、主蒸气管和锅炉火室受热面用的材料。对锅炉钢的性能要求主要是有良好的焊接性能、***的高温强度和耐碱件腐蚀、耐氧化等。常用的锅炉钢有平炉冶炼的低碳镇静钢或电炉冶炼的低碳钢,含碳量ωc易玩棋牌在0.16%-0.26%范围内。制造高压锅炉时则应用珠光体耐热钢或奥氏体耐热钢。近年来也采用普通低合金钢建造锅炉,如12锰、15锰钒、18锰钼铌等。

 

20、焊条用钢

这类钢是专门供制造电弧焊和气焊焊条钢丝用。钢的成分随所焊材质不同而异。根据需要大致分碳素钢、合金结构钢和不锈钢三类。这些钢的硫、磷含量ωs、ωp易玩棋牌不大于0.03%,比一般钢要求要高。这些钢不要求力学性能,而只作化学成分的检验。

 

21、不锈钢

BUXIUNAISUANGANGJIANCHENGBUXIUGANG,TASHIYOUBUXIUGANGHENAISUANGANGLIANGDABUFENZUCHENGDE。JIANYANZHI,NENGDIKANGDAQIFUSHIDEGANGJIAOBUXIUGANG,ERNENGDIKANGHUAXUEJIEZHI(RUSUANLEI)FUSHIDEGANGJIAONAISUANGANG。YIBANSHUOLAI,HANGELIANGωcrDAYU12%DEGANG***JUYOULEBUXIUGANGDETEDIAN;  ZAIBUXIUGANGANRECHULIHOUDEXIANWEIZUZHIYOUKEFENWEIWUDALEI:JITIESUTIBUXIUGANG、MASHITIBUXIUGANG、AOSHITIBUXIUGANG、AOSHITI-TIESUTIBUXIUGANGJICHENDIANYINGHUABUXIUGANG。

 

22、耐热钢

易玩棋牌 GAOWENTIAOJIANXIA,JUYOUKANGYANGHUAXINGHEZUGOUDEGAOWENQIANGDUYIJILIANGHAODENAIREXINGNENGDEGANGCHENGZUONAIREGANG。NAIREGANGBAOKUOKANGYANGHUAGANGHEREQIANGGANGLIANGLEI。KANGYANGHUAGANGYOUCHENGBUQIPIGANG。REQIANGGANGSHIZHIZAIGAOWENXIAJUYOULIANGHAODEKANGYANGHUAXINGNENGBINGJUYOUJIAOGAODEGAOWENQIANGDUDEGANG。NAIREGANGZHUYAOYONGYUZAIGAOWENXIAZHANGQISHIYONGDELINGJIAN。

 

23、高温合金

GAOWENHEJINSHIZHIZAIGAOWENXIAJUYOUZUGOUDECHIJIUQIANGDU、RUBIANQIANGDU、REPILAOQIANGDU、GAOWENRENXINGJIZUGOUDEHUAXUEWENDINGXINGDEYIZHONGREQIANGCAILIAO,YONGYU1000℃ZUOYOUGAOWENTIAOJIANXIAGONGZUODEREDONGLIBUJIAN。

易玩棋牌 ANQIJIBENHUAXUECHENGFENDEBUTONG,YOUKEFENWEINIEJIGAOWENHEJIN、TIENIEJIGAOWENHEJINJIGUJIGAOWENHEJIN。

 

24、精密合金

易玩棋牌 JINGMIHEJINSHIZHIJUYOUTESHUWULIXINGNENGDEHEJIN。TASHIDIANQIGONGYE、DIANZIGONGYE、JINGMIYIBIAOGONGYEHEZIDONGKONGZHIXITONGZHONGBUKEQUESHAODECAILIAO。

 

JINGMIHEJINANQIBUTONGDEWULIXINGNENGYOUFENWEI7LEI,JI:RUANCIHEJIN、BIANXINGYONGCIHEJIN、DANXINGHEJIN、PENGZHANGHEJIN、RESHUANGJINSHU、DIANZUHEJIN、REDIANYUHEJIN。JUEDADUOSHUJINGMIHEJINSHIYIHEISEJINSHUWEIJIDE,ZHIYOUSHAOSHUSHIYIYOUSEJINSHUWEIJIDE。


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